Tracing its roots to the 2nd millennium BC, Ethiopia was a monarchy for most of its history. Ethiopia is the place of origin for the coffee bean which originated from the place called Kefa which was one of the 14 provinces in the old Ethiopian administration. It is a land of natural contrasts, with its vast fertile West, jungles, and numerous rivers, and the worlds hottest settlement of Dallol in its north. In the s and s, Ethiopia suffered from civil wars and communist purges which devastated its economy. Among its important sites are Lalibela with its rock-cut Christian churches from the 12th th centuries.
Most people in the country speak Afroasiatic languages of the Cushitic or Semitic branches. Ethiopias ancient Geez script, also known as Ethiopic, is one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world. Nilo-Saharan languages are also spoken by the nations Nilotic ethnic minorities. The country is the site of the Migration to Abyssinia and the oldest Muslim settlement in Africa at Negash. According to Global Fire Power, Ethiopia has the 42nd most powerful military in the world, and the third most powerful in Africa. Ethiopia is the place of origin for the coffee bean which originated from the place called Kefa which was one of the 14 provinces in the old Ethiopian administration. Some of the oldest evidence for anatomically modern humans has been found in Ethiopia. Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromiffa, Amhara, Somali, and Tigrayans. With archaeological finds dating back more than 3 million years, its a place of ancient culture. It is widely considered as the region from which modern humans first set out for the Middle East and places beyond. In the s and s, Ethiopia suffered from civil wars and communist purges which devastated its economy. Subsequently, many African nations adopted the colors of Ethiopias flag following their independence. According to linguists, the first Afroasiatic-speaking populations settled in the Horn region during the ensuing Neolithic era. It was the first independent African member of the 20th-century League of Nations and the United Nations. Among its important sites are Lalibela with its rock-cut Christian churches from the 12th th centuries. The Ethiopian calendar, which is approximately seven years and three months behind the Gregorian calendar, co-exists alongside the Borana calendar. Aksum is the ruins of an ancient city with obelisks, tombs, castles and Our Lady Mary of Zion church. Additionally, Omotic languages are spoken by ethnic minority groups inhabiting the southern regions. It is a land of natural contrasts, with its vast fertile West, jungles, and numerous rivers, and the worlds hottest settlement of Dallol in its north. A majority of the population adheres to Christianity mainly the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and Pentay , while around a third follows Islam primarily Sunni Islam. Ethiopia derived prestige with its uniquely successful military resistance during the late 19th-century Scramble for Africa, becoming the only African country to defeat a European colonial power and retain its sovereignty. A substantial population of Ethiopian Jews, known as Bete Israel, resided in Ethiopia until the s, but most of them have since emigrated to Israel. In , at the end of Haile Selassie s reign, power fell to a communist military dictatorship known as the Derg, backed by the Soviet Union, until it was defeated by the Ethiopian People s Revolutionary Democratic Front, which has ruled since about the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union in During the first centuries AD, the Kingdom of Aksum maintained a unified civilization in the region, followed by the Ethiopian Empire circa Tracing its roots to the 2nd millennium BC, Ethiopia was a monarchy for most of its history.
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