One of these places was Itivia, about one km from the minesite and current community. Exploration continues and there is hope that it may be developed into a mine. History of Mining In the s nickel deposits were discovered on the shores of Rankin Inlet. Starting in , the mine produced nickel and copper ores from an underground operation. It was surveyed by William Moor in HBC contact was followed in the midth century by American and European whalers, who were followed by fur traders trapping white fox skins in the early 20th century, followed by missionaries who brought a written language system. During the s, the caribou population west of Hudson Bay changed its migration patterns.
With a population of about , Rankin is the administrative, transportation, and medical services center for the Kivalliq Region today. Only 16 km from Rankin, the Meliadine West gold project is one of the largest undeveloped gold deposits in Canada. They and their families are justifiably proud of their part in Canada's mining history. When the mine closed, it left a small townsite, diesel generating plant and part of the underground utilidor utility services corridor system still in use today. It was also common for the animals to freeze to death or be eaten by polar bears. Mining is still a prospect for Rankin Inlet. The old headframe burned down in the late s, but the remains of some of the old mills are still left. In addition, there is very active exploration for diamond bearing deposits being carried out north of Rankin. The Government of Canada moved people from their hunting areas to places where services could be provided, including rations. The Matchbox Gallery, founded in , showcases art work and provides educational resources. The Korean War had caused the world price of nickel to rise sharply, and this mine shipped its first ore in Rankin Inlet History The first buildings at Rankin Inlet were those at the North Rankin Nickel Mine, which operated from to and employed many Inuit from the region, causing many families to camp near the minesite. History of Mining In the s nickel deposits were discovered on the shores of Rankin Inlet. By the late 18th century, they were succeeded by Caribou Inuit who hunted the inland barren-ground caribou , and fished for Arctic char along the coast, as well as the Diane River and Meliadine River. In the s, the government of the Northwest Territories moved its administration offices from Churchill to Rankin Inlet. Services[ edit ] The community is served by the Rankin Inlet Airport , and by annual supply sealift. Here, people lived in canvas or caribou skin tents, and some small houses. One of these places was Itivia, about one km from the minesite and current community. Exploration continues and there is hope that it may be developed into a mine. These included a pig ranch in and a chicken-raising venture in the s. Some occasionally worked for whaling ships in Hudson Bay. The community is served by Kivalliq News , a weekly newspaper which publishes in both English and Inuktitut. During the s, the caribou population west of Hudson Bay changed its migration patterns. Traditionally, Inuit did not live in communities but traveled widely to different hunting and fishing spots. It became a symbol of Rankin Inlet, and still adorns the Hamlet logo. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone. Inuit hunted at traditional crossing places, and, when the caribou did not come to those exact places, many people starved.
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